Chapter 1 stories in Furnace research: comparability of envisioned Thermal potency of Regenerative and High?Oxygen Glass Tanks (pages 1–21): Robert H. Essenhigh
Chapter 2 Oxy?Fuel Furnace layout Optimization utilizing Coupled Combustion/Glass bathtub Numerical Simulation (pages 23–36): D. Shamp, O. Marin, M. Joshi, C. Champinot, B. Jurcik and R. Grosman
Chapter three television Oxy?Fuel Conversion and adventure with Noncatalytic Denitrification (pages 37–45): Matthias R. Lindig
Chapter four High?Temperature IR Radiation Conductivity of commercial Glasses (pages 47–56): Peter A. Van Nijnatten, J. T. Broekhuijse and A. J. Faber
Chapter five Glass Furnace Air allows: do not forget the method (pages 57–64): Michael L. Newsom
Chapter 6 Fused Zirconia or Fused AZS: that's the best option? (pages 65–80): Gerard Duvierre and Yves Boussant?Roux
Chapter 7 replace on choice of Refractories for Oxy?Fuel Glass?Melting provider (pages 81–105): S. M. Winder, ok. R. Selkregg and A. Gupta
Chapter eight A Fused Silica Pumpable Refractory for Crown harm caused by Oxy?Fuel Firing (pages 107–113): Gunter Frohlich
Chapter nine obviously taking place Radioactive fabrics: matters for Glassmakers (pages 115–132): Charles T. Simmons
Chapter 10 Mathematical Modeling of Forehearths (pages 133–141): O. M. G. C. Op Den Camp, E. G. J. Peters and V. O. Aume
Chapter eleven Oxy?Gas Forehearths: result of Mathematical Modeling of a Flint Glass and box Trials on a Borosilicate Glass (pages 143–154): Alan Stephens, Tom Clayton, Mahendra Misra, John Brown and James Cook
Chapter 12 records within the Batch Plant (pages 155–170): Richard okay. Pelle
Chapter thirteen blending version Simulation of an On?the?Fly Glass Conversion (pages 171–180): Richard Bergman
Chapter 14 Generalized Predictive keep an eye on for Glass production tactics (pages 181–206): David M. Koenig
Chapter 15 The Glass in Germany: Environmentally Sound Melting and Recycling of Glass (pages 207–214): Helmut A. Schaeffer
Chapter sixteen The NSF Industry?University middle for Glass examine: an summary (pages 215–226): T. P. Seward
Chapter 17 A High?Efficiency, Low?NOx Burner for Oxy?Gas Glass Furnaces (pages 227–241): David Rue, Hamid Abbasi, David Neff and Patrick Mohr
Chapter 18 The Pilkington 3R approach for Controlling NOx Emissions: A Refractory point of view (pages 243–253): Ian Shulver
Chapter 19 enhancing Oxy?Fuel Furnace working potency: An Operator's viewpoint (pages 255–269): D. Shamp, J. Smith, M. Joshi, H. Borders, O. Charon and R. Grosman
Chapter 20 an immediate comparability of Oxy?Fuel Burner know-how (pages 271–281): John H. Tyler, James F. sales space, Robert D. Marchiando and Kevin A. Lievre
Chapter 21 The Glass production Council (pages 283–287): James A. Shell
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Extra resources for 59th Conference on Glass Problems: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, Volume 20, Issue 1
35 The simulation of this geometry allows the drawing of some interesting conclusions, in agreement with previous experience. Thus, the side-exits case leads to more uniform gas flow patterns into the tank than in the existing geometry, particularly over the batch area and above the glass hot spot. These patterns lead to improved heat flux in the glass melt, particularly near the batch area and also close to the hot spot, improving the glass circulation. 5% in heat flux to the glass, while crown temperature and velocity profiles next to the crown are virtually unchanged.
These natural gas burners 25 SOUTH designed by Air Liquide group are first-generation pipe-in-pipe burners. 5 m from the backwall One backwall exhaust Figure 1 presents a schematic of the glass tank, including some of the dimensions as well as burner locations. The burners marked as 1-S and 1-N are not presently in operation. 0%, respectively. The glass tank is also equipped with electric boosting in the form of 12 electrodes placed symmetrically in pairs in the sidewalls (horizontally located in the glass) in the batch, mid-tank, and bubbler areas, respectively.
The black body reference is not used in this case. In the low-temperature range (c9OO0C),in which the viscosity of the glass is high, the amount of glass between the sapphire windows is expected to be constant while cooling to room temperature. Measurements in this range are performed on a fixed glass volume of which the distance between the windows is measured outside the furnace with the glass at room temperature. The black body reference is used to determine the emissivity, from which the absorption is then calculated.