By Kirschkamp A.
Agencies have to determine hazards and probabilities of environmental adjustments so that it will adapt to or potentially even to persuade them. Early caution which includes scaning and interpretation performs a major function during this technique. while the conventional contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency conception assumes the extra impact of an individual's character on early caution.
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Additional resources for A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
38ff. See Isabella (1990), p. 8f. See Kim (1993), p. 37f. and Simon (1991), p. 129ff. 26 Understanding of Early Warning in Literature and Definition of Important Terms Part B organization then has to be considered 172 because most of the time a group of people decides about organizational reactions to environmental change. Then, within the organization this knowledge has to be stored. 173 An exemplary model of organizational learning is the 4I model, developed by CROSSAN et al. 175 These two steps are similar to the two steps scanning and interpretation of DAFT and WEICK.
The opposite was true for organizations pursuing a growth strategy within one single industry. This was later validated by Fouraker and Stopford. See Fouraker and Stopford (1968). See Mintzberg (1979), p. 299. , p. 300. The assumption of a limited number of structural types is in line with the Darwinistic view. “ Darwin (1968), p. 231. See Mintzberg (1979), p. 305ff. See Miller and Friesen (1984), p. 31ff. ”210 Based on this idea, they found four organizational archetypes: defenders, prospectors, analyzers and reactors.
202 2) The degree of bureaucracy of successful organizations is 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 See Gerdin and Greve (2004), p. 307 and Donaldson (1996), p. 57ff. Pugh, Hickson, Hinings and Turner (1968), p. 65. , p. 72ff. See Child (1975) and Burns and Stalker (1961). See Pugh, Hickson, Hinings and Turner (1969), Hickson, Pugh and Pheysey (1969), Blau (1970), Child and Mansfield (1972) and Child (1975). See Hickson, Pugh and Pheysey (1969), Child and Mansfield (1972) and Woodward (1975).