By Helmut K. Anheier
This consultant to civil society offers a short and simple connection with the major humans, techniques and corporations of the 3rd zone. It includes nearly three hundred up to date entries together with all phrases and ideas linked to civil society, in addition to local information. Key positive aspects of the dictionary contain: * definitions of suggestions and phrases surrounding civil society* information on particular areas vital within the historical past of civil society, reminiscent of India, the CIS and america* profiles of the major personalities and agencies interested by the 3rd quarter* comprises info on how the sphere operates (e.g. reasonable alternate, grassroots corporations and go out strategies)* presents info that may another way require many volumes to find. key phrases comprise: Citizenship, Social Captial, Rule of legislations, Nonprofit administration, company tasks and Social Origins conception.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Civil Society, Philanthropy, and the Nonprofit Sector
An assets test, a technical term used by the US Internal Revenue Service, is one of the three tests, next to an endowment test and a support test, by which a private foundation in the USA can be considered an operating foundation. A private foundation will meet the assets test if 65% or more of its assets are either devoted directly to the active conduct of its exempt activity, to a functionally related business, or to a combination of the two, or consist of stock of a corporation controlled by the foundation, of which substantially all the assets are devoted to the above purposes.
A very common type of budget for non-profit organizations is the line-item budget. The primary objective of line-item budgets is to account for expenditures. Line-item budgets are used for financial and fiscal reporting, for accountability purposes, and, from a managerial perspective, for calculating units of inputs for staff hours and materials used. By contrast, performance budgets are used less for reporting purposes than primarily for estimating the minimum inputs needed to achieve a desired standard of output.
However, it is also used to refer to different types of limited partnerships, co-operatives, mutual benefit societies (see mutual societies), trusts, holdings, or other financial entities. In some countries such as France and Germany, A dictionary of civil society, philanthropy and the non-profit sector 16 association also implies sociability and conviviality, and can be applied to any social group outside the family. In other countries, in particular in Scandinavia, association is closely linked to forms of popular democracy and mass movements—the folkrörelse.