By Marie Costa
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Extra info for Abortion: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
When the abstract becomes real and personal, what seemed clear and indisputable can become murky indeed. Yet each side continues to hurl its slogans and images at the other and at anyone in the vicinity, as if shouting louder and harder, telling the most poignant stories, or displaying the most riveting images will somehow convince everyone to see it their way. Although abortion has been a source of conflict throughout history and throughout the world, the battle as it is being fought in the United States today is distinctly American.
Storer succeeds in persuading the AMA to pass a resolution condemning induced abortion, including those performed before quickening, and urging state legislatures to pass laws forbidding it. The AMA drive includes a large-scale media and lobbying campaign that focuses on the fetus's right to life. Another aspect of the campaign aims at awakening fears of "race suicide" among the Protestant middle and upper classes, based on declining birth rates among native-born whites (due in part to abortion) compared to high fertility among predominantly Catholic immigrants.
Minnesota and Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health 124 Hodgson v. Minnesota 124 Ohio v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health 125 The Decisions 126 Rust v. Sullivan 126 Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pa. v. Casey 127 Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic 129 Madsen v. S. Abortion Statistics with Those of Other Countries 139 Characteristics of Women Having Abortions 141 Age Group Differences 145 Racial, Socioeconomic, Marital Status, and Religious Differences 146 Previous Abortions and/or Live Births 147 Weeks of Gestation 147 Type of Abortion Technique Used 147 Why Women Have Abortions 148 Reasons for Having Late Abortions 150 Abortion-Related Deaths 151 Deaths from Illegal Abortions 151 Deaths from Legal Abortions 153 Risk of Death from Abortion versus Term Pregnancy and Contraceptive Use 153 Page x Abortion Access 154 The Decline in Abortion Services 154 Harassment of Abortion Providers and Antiabortion Violence 157 The Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances (FACE) Act of 1994 160 Public Opinion and Abortion 161 Abortion Techniques 163 Instrumental Techniques 163 Menstrual Extraction 163 Vacuum Aspiration (Suction Curettage) 164 Dilatation and Curettage 166 Dilatation and Evacuation 166 Medical Induction Techniques 167 Intraamniotic Instillations 167 Prostaglandins 168 Mifepristone (RU 486): The French "Abortion Pill," 169 Other Drugs 172 Major Surgery Techniques 173 Hysterotomy and Hysterectomy 173 Folk Methods 173 Abortion Complications and Long-Term Impact 174 Surgical Abortion 174 Medical Abortions 175 Cardiovascular Complications 176 Birth Defects 176 Subsequent Pregnancies 177 The Long-Term Impact of Abortion 177 Problems in Determining Long-Term Risks of Abortion 177 Effects on Subsequent Pregnancies 177 Increased Risk of Breast Cancer 178 Psychological Effects of Abortion 178 Characteristics of Women Suffering Psychological Distress after Abortions 180 Page xi Overview of Embryonic and Fetal Development 180 Fertilization (2 Weeks LMP) 180 Implantation (3 to 4 Weeks LMP) 181 Embryonic Development (5 to 8 Weeks LMP) 181 Fetal Development (9 to 40 Weeks LMP) 182 Suggestions for Further Reading 184 References 184 4.