By Terrance I. Norton
Oil leaks from aboveground tanks have infected soil and water, threatening human well-being and flora and fauna. to avoid harm from oil spills, the Environmental defense employer (EPA) issued the Spill Prevention, regulate, and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule in 1973. EPA's 10 areas check out oil garage amenities to make sure compliance with the rule of thumb. EPA estimates that approximately 571,000 amenities are topic to this rule. a few states additionally keep an eye on oil garage tanks. GAO decided how EPA areas enforce the SPCC application, the knowledge EPA has to enforce and evaluation this system, and even if a few states' tank courses recommend methods for EPA to enhance its application. GAO surveyed all 10 EPA areas and interviewed officers in EPA and 6 states chosen at the foundation of specialists' options, between different standards.
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Additional resources for Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks
Inspectors not involved in the SPCC program were not included in the response to Question 14. Section 3–Selecting Facilities for Inspection 20. Does your region use written criteria to select facilities for inspection? Yes 6 Æ Please send us a copy of these criteria. No 4 Æ SKIP to question 25. Aboveground Oil Storage Tanks 47 21. In what year did your region develop these criteria? Region 1 Not Applicable Region 2 2000 Region 3 2005 Region 4 2005 Region 5 Not Applicable Region 6 1995 Region 7 Not Applicable Region 8 2005 Region 9 2004 Region 10 Not Applicable 22.
S. navigable waters and adjoining shorelines because of the limited data and because EPA does not have performance measures to examine program effectiveness. EPA Has Limited Data for Identifying Facilities Subject to the SPCC Program and Effectively Targeting Inspections Although EPA estimated in 2005 that more than 500,000 facilities nationwide could be subject to the SPCC rule, the actual number is unknown. According to EPA officials, none of the EPA regional offices have complete data for their jurisdictions on the number of potential SPCC-regulated facilities or tanks; their location, size, age, quality of construction; or method of operation.
Since 2005, EPA has required regional SPCC inspectors to record their inspections in ICIS, a central database designed to track the number of inspection and enforcement cases across several EPA programs. However, EPA officials told us that ICIS is not particularly useful to program managers in implementing the SPCC program. For example, ICIS records the initial investigation and enforcement outcomes of investigation cases, but it does not allow the user to track a facility’s progress in coming into compliance after violations have been found.