By C. F. Larry Heimann
Complicated and dicy technologies--technologies equivalent to new medicinal drugs for the remedy of AIDS that promise nice advantages to our society yet hold major risks--pose many difficulties for political leaders and the coverage makers chargeable for overseeing them. Public organizations reminiscent of the foodstuff and Drug management are advised through political superiors to not inhibit very important technological advances and should also be charged with selling such improvement yet should also ensure that no significant injuries happen below their watch. Given the massive charges linked to catastrophic injuries, most people and elected officers usually call for trustworthy or failure-free administration of those applied sciences and feature little tolerance for the mistake. examine during this quarter has bring about a schism among those that argue that it's attainable to have trustworthy administration ideas and appropriately deal with advanced applied sciences and others who contend that such regulate is hard at most sensible. during this e-book C. F. Larry Heimann advances an enormous strategy to this challenge via constructing a normal concept of organizational reliability and employer determination making. The publication seems to be at either exterior and inner impacts on reliability in supplier selection making. It then assessments theoretical propositions built in a comparative case examine of 2 organizations concerned with the dealing with of dicy applied sciences: NASA and the manned area flight application and the FDA's dealing with of pharmaceuticals--particularly new AIDS cures. Drawing on ideas from engineering, organizational concept, political technology, and selection conception, this ebook may be of curiosity to these attracted to technological know-how and expertise coverage, bureaucratic administration and reform, in addition to these attracted to healthiness and area coverage. C. F. Larry Heimann is Assistant Professor of Political technological know-how, Michigan country collage.
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Extra resources for Acceptable Risks: Politics, Policy, and Risky Technologies
I Modeling Agency Incentives We begin the discussion of an agency's political incentives by developing a basic formal model of the situation. Using a formal model offers two advantages in this case. First, it allows us to incorporate probability into our discussion in a direct and natural manner. This is important since an agency's decisions are dependent on the probability of each type of failure. Another advantage to formal models is that they require explication of assumptions and add clarity to our discussion.
As a first step in the process of verifying these claims, we now focus on the behavior of two agencies-the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-to see how political incentives may have affected their decision making. Political Incentives and NASA Behavior Understanding NASA's organizational changes requires that we first focus on the political factors that influence the agency. Our objective here is not to provide a comprehensive political history of NASA; it would take an entire volume to do so.
At NASA, most interviews were conducted at the Office of Safety and Mission Quality because of its responsibility for the agency's reliability policy, although later interviews branched out to other departments in the agency. Additional material on organizational changes at NASA were made available through the archives at the NASA History Office. At the FDA, most interviews focused on the drug approval process and thus were carried out with people in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the AIDS Coordination Staff, and the Center for Biologics.